Winthrop Bell, authored
a book, The "Foreign Protestants" and the Settlement
of Nova Scotia, in 1961, as a result of his intensive research
into the early settlement of Halifax. Nova Scotia. Thanks to
Bells work, we have been able to locate the parents of
Catherine Hirtle (or Hartell) who married our John Casper
Jost, son of George and Susanna.
Catherine's grandparents, Georg Herttel (as he spelled it) and Maria
Barbara Elisabetha Engelhorn were from the small town of Leimen, near
the well-known city of Heidelburg. After Georg died, Maria remarried
to Johann Michael Schmitt. In 1752 they, with several of their children,
embarked on the "Gale," a ship of emigrants bound for Nova
According to Winthrop Bell,
author of the book, The "Foreign Protestants" and
the Settlement of Nova Scotia, "The Schmitt family Bible
had originally been the Bible of Georg Herttel." "Johann
Michael Schmitt [who married Georg Herttels widow] not
only recorded births, marriages, and deaths, but also, in the
blank pages provided in the volume, wrote some memoranda about Noteworthy
Occurrences. . . . . In 1954 [the Bible] was located,
and ultimately obtained by a descendant of Johann Michael Schmitt,
and its manuscript records made available again to students
of Nova Scotia history by its present owner." Bell goes
on to say that the owner, Mr. Kenneth Burgess of Chicago presented
a set of photostatic copies to Mr. Bell, and to the Provincial
Archives of Nova Scotia [PANS] in Halifax. In 1956 Mr. Burgess
issued a translation in a privately printed book, Colonists
of New England and Nova Scotia--Burgess and Heckman Families.
Bell used the information in the Bible to make notes on the
family, and quoted from it several times in the writing of
his book. For a transcript of the "diary", please
see Nancy Shaver's website in the Links section of this page.
Englehorn, of Hockenheim, married Elisabetha.
1. Maria Barbara Elisabetha Engelhorn,
born June 8, 1708; died Dec. 6, 1783; 74 years old. She was buried at
LeHave, NS. Married Georg Herttel.
2. Hans Thomas Engelhorn,
host of the "Star, " an inn at Old Lossheim.
3. Anna Catharina Engelhorn,
died April 12, 1759, in Mannheim, Germany. Married Stumpf, the head of
the pheasant keeper at Sandhausen.
born June 1, 1687; died Sept. 3, 1736, in Germany; 59 years old.
Married (Nov. 24, 1713) Christina Sophia, died May 15, 1727.
In Johann Michael Schmitts family Bible, he was said to
have been the "blacksmith of the hunting outfit of the Elector
Palatine at Bruchhausen". He was buried in Leimen.
Second marriage (July 22, 1727) Maria Barbara Elisabetha Engelhorn, born June 8, 1709; died Dec. 6, 1783, in
Nova Scotia; 74 years old. Her parents were of Hockenheim. She had not
been married previously.
After Georgs death, Maria remarried (in Germany) Johann Michael
Schmitt, born March 7, 1714; died June 9, 1798; 84 years old. When Johann
Michael Schmitt brought his family to Nova Scotia, Marias children
accompanied them. The family came from Leimen, a village in Baden, Germany,
four or five miles south of Heidelberg. They arrived in Halifax on board
the Gale, in 1752. Our ancestor Johann Martin Hirtle was 18 years of
age at the time.
In the family Bible was written of Maria Barbara Elisabetha Englehorn
Hirtle Schmitt at the time of her death: "Through her six children
she had 61 grandchildren, of all of whom . . . 57 remain yet alive as
long as God wills it."
by Georg Herttel & Christina Sophia
1. Catharina Sybilla Hirtle,
born Jan. 15, 1715; died Oct. 22, 1717; two years old.
2. Georg Ludwig Hirtle,
born Jan. 11, 1718.
3. Maria Magdalena Hirtle,
born April 9, 1720; died March 11, 1723; not yet three years old.
4. Juliana Sophia Hirtle,
born Jan. 6, 1722, on the festival of Epiphany.
5. Georg Michael Hirtle,
born Dec. 14, 1723; died Dec. 17, 1723; three days old.
6. Infant Boy Hirtle,
born Jan. 18, 1725; died immediately.
7. Georg Philipp Hirtle,
born April 3, 1726.
8. Margaretha Hirtle,
born May 11, 1727.
Georg Herttel & Maria Barbara:
9. Susanna Elisabetha Hirtle,
born Feb. 10, 1729; died Feb. 20, 1803; 74 years old. Married (?). There
was a Susanna Elizabeth Hirtle who married George Fancy in Lunenburg,
but it is believed to have been another girl, the daughter of Hans Michael
Hirtle, of Hochdorf, Germany.
. Johann Georg Hirtle,
29, 1731; died Jan. 31, 1733; not yet two years old.
. Johann Martin Hirtle,
Martin," born June 8, 1733; died Sept. 1, 1776, in Halifax, NS;
43 years old. Married Mary Smith. They had 10 children.
. Regina Barbara Hirtle,
. 30, 1736; Oct. 30, 1801; 64 years old. Married (Jan. 20, 1753) Johann
Johann Michael Schmitt & Maria Barbara:
13. Maria Elisabetha Schmitt,
born March 1, 1739; died July 2, 1739; four months old.
14. Catherine Barbara Schmitt,
born April 13, 1740; died Nov. 27, 1780 ("just as there was the
great eclipse here", acc. to her fathers diary); 40 years
old. It is not clear whether she is the Catherine Smith who married (June
8, 1759, in Lunenburg) Peter Zwicker. The family Bible seems to indicate
that she died unmarried, in her fathers home.
15. Stephanus Schmitt,
born March 17, 1744; died May 7, 1744; not yet two months old.
16. Maria Elizabetha Schmitt,
"Elizabeth," born June 24, 1745. Married (June 26, 1768, in Lunenburg)
Caspar Heckman, Jr.
17. Hans Thomas Schmitt,
"Thomas," born Oct. 15, 1747. Also called Johann Thomas--Hans
was sometimes a nickname for Johann or Johannes. Married (March 20, 1770,
in Lunenburg) Christina Catherine Wirthin (or Werth), daughter of Jacob
18. Eva Margaretha Schmitt,
born July 13, 1750; died at the age of 1 1/2 years.
Johann Martin Hirtle, "Martin," born June 8, 1733,
in Leimen, Germany; died Sept. 1, 1776, in Halifax, NS; 43 years old.
Married (Aug. 15, 1758, in Halifax) Margaret Kurtz (or Curtis), died
sometime after the birth of her son in 1762. After her death, he married
(Feb. 10, 1763, in Halifax) Mary
Dorothy Smith. (See her
family below.) The record of his death in the family bible tells that
he had ten children--although we only have record of five of them. Bell
commented that on the indebtedness list for the ship, Martin "wrote
an excellent signature," indicating that he was literate.
by Margaret Kurtz:
1. George Martin Hirtle,
bapt. Sept. 28, 1760, in Halifax.
2. Peter Martin Ernst Hirtle,
bapt. Aug. 1762, in Halifax. His mother may have died in childbirth,
or soon after.
by Mary Smith:
3. John Hirtle,
bapt. Dec. 26, 1764, in Halifax.
4. John Christian Hirtle,
bapt. April 24, 1768, in Halifax.
5. Mary Catharina Hirtle,
born Aug. 5, 1770, in Halifax (bapt. Aug. 26, 1770); died March 14, 1846,
in Guysborough; 75 years old. Married (March 29, 1791, in Halifax) John
Mary Cartherine Hirtle (also written as Hartell), "Catherine," born
Aug. 5, 1770, in Halifax; died March 14, 1846, in Halifax, NS; 75 years
old. Married (March 29, 1791, in Halifax) John Casper Jost, "Casper," born Sept. 11, 1763, in Halifax;
died June 12, 1850, in Halifax, NS; 87 years old. Casper was a shoemaker
by trade--there were no shoe factories in those days. Both were buried
in the Camp Hill Cemetery in Halifax.
[for their descendants, see Record
of the Jost Family]
The Schmidts from Westernach, Germany
Jost Turner, Editor
Fourth Generation (Schmidt)--
Schmidt, married Cathrina. Johann Adam and Cathrina came on the
Ann in 1750. The list doesnt give his age or occupation.
According to the passenger list (with interpretation by Bell)
they were from Westernach, then in the Hohenlohe principality.
Westernach is now a small village in Baden-Württemberg,
about 40 miles northeast of Stuttgart. It is just north of Schwäbisch
Hall and south of Kupferzell.
A well-to-do gentleman by the name of Kluge paid passage for a group
of the immigrants on board the Ann, with the intention that they should
work off their passage working for him for a time in Nova Scotia. However,
Mr. Kluge died just three days after their arrival in Halifax, leaving
the families without debt. Johann Adam Schmidt and his family were one
Ships list mentions "Johann Adam Schmidt, his wife, and three
sons." No mention is made of the younger members of the family until
the List of Settlers, in July 1752, "Adam Schmidt, his family consisting
of 3 males and 1 female above the age of 16, and 1 male and 2 females
under 16." Bell feels that the two daughters may have come on a
later ship, and may not have been daughters, but some other relation.
It could be that they were among the orphaned children that arrived,
and may have been adopted by this family [my idea, not suggested by Bell].
My theory is that they were actually on the Ann with the rest of the
family, but were under the age of 14 at the time, and not considered
full-fares, and so were not mentioned with the rest. Children 14 and
under were only half-fare, and under 4 were free. Since Mr. Kluge paid
their passage, they may not have felt it necessary to mention the half-fares,
as they would have had the British government been extending them credit
for passage. No mention is ever found of the three older sons in the
later records, save a burial record for a John Schmidt, who may have
been one of them. The other two may have joined the local military garrison,
as several arriving immigrants did who never showed up in later records.
1. John Schmidt,
born before 1736, in Germany; died Jan. 28, 1751, in Halifax.
2. Son Schmidt,
born before 1736, in Germany. Disappeared from records before the victualling
lists began, possibly joined the local military unit.
3. Christopher Schmidt,
born after 1736. Confirmed Oct. 4, 1761, in the Little Dutch Church,
4. Maria Dorotha Schmidt,
born after 1736, probably ca. 1740. Confirmed Oct. 4, 1761, in the Little
Dutch Church, in Halifax. Married (Feb. 10, 1763, in Halifax) Johann
Martin Hirtle, "Martin," born June 8, 1733, in Leimen, Germany;
died Sept. 1, 1776, in Halifax, NS; 43 years old.
5. Anna Sophia Schmidt,
born after 1736, probably ca. 1744. Confirmed Oct. 4, 1761, in the Little
Dutch Church, in Halifax. Married (May 23, 1763, in Halifax) Casper Haun,
half-brother of Susanna Catherina Morash Jost.
The "Foreign Protestants" and the Settlement
of Nova Scotia, by Winthrop P. Bell, 1961.
Winthrop Bells Notes, available on microfilm
#1421430 from Salt Lake City, through local Family History Centers
Information from the Provincial Archives of Nova Scotia (PANS), sent
by Terrance Punch, a genealogist of Halifax, Nova Scotia
"The Diary of Johann Michael Schmitt", included in the book Colonists of New
England and Nova Scotia--Burgess and Heckman Families., by
Kenneth Burgess, 1956
Allan Jost's gedcom of our Jost family:
Halifax County, Nova
Scotia GenWeb Project:
Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia GenWeb
Lunenburg First Families
Antecdotal Histories of Life in Lunenburg
County, Nova Scotia, by Nancy Shaver
(including the Diary
of Johann Michael Schmitt):
February 5, 2016